Ecosystem Update

Mina Ecosystem Roadmap – Q4 2022

Quarterly updates to share progress of projects worked on by different Mina ecosystem teams - this is the update for Q4 2022.

*Please note that each ecosystem roadmap update may contain forecasts, projections, targets or other forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are based on the relevant ecosystem partner’s estimates and assumptions based on information available at the time such update is made. Accordingly, plans, goals and other statements may not be realized as described, and actual results may differ materially from those presented in such an update. In addition, the Mina Foundation is not responsible for updates made by community contributors or ecosystem partners, whose work is important to the development of the Mina ecosystem and is independent from any of the initiatives that the Mina Foundation is working on. Visit this page for more information about the Mina roadmap.

Mina Ecosystem Roadmap

Improve Node Stability Make node operation more stable. (Example project: BitSwap) o1Labs Ongoing – groundwork for BitSwap to be included in Berkeley hardfork
zkApps Builders Program Program to educate, support, and work with developers who are building zkApps, and enlist their help to improve zkApps and o1js (formerly SnarkyJS).  o1Labs Cohort 2 finished on November 29, 2022! A wrap up blog post sharing details of participant projects will be coming soon.
zkApps Software Development Kit (SDK) Provide the toolkit that developers need to build on Mina: o1js (formerly SnarkyJS) & zkApp CLI. o1Labs o1js (formerly SnarkyJS) and the zkApp CLI were available from Q2 2022 and continually receive improvements. See detailed updates below.
zkApps Testing This is a series of phases to test the stability of zkApps on a network. Updated to: Initial Testing → Berkeley QANet → Berkeley Testnet Alpha→ Berkeley Incentivized Testnet o1Labs Berkeley Testnet Alpha launched in Q4 2022. Berkeley Incentivized Testnet will follow upon the successful completion of Testnet Alpha.
Custom Token Support (previously non-native token support) Enable creation of custom tokens on Mina (similar to ERC20). o1Labs Custom tokens are available now and supported by the current o1js (formerly SnarkyJS) version and Berkeley Testnet. See the custom tokens tutorial.
Easy zkApps Programmability on Mainnet Enable easy programmability and basic use cases of zkApps on Mina Mainnet. o1Labs Once Berkeley Incentivized Testnet has successfully concluded
On-Chain Voting – NEW Feature to enable Mina holders to vote on governance proposals through signaling their support (on-chain) for proposed hard forks and other changes to the protocol. Granola Systems Q1 2023
Non-Consensus Nodes An additional implementation of Mina Protocol in Rust, providing direct access to the Mina network for web and mobile nodes, without needing to run a consensus node.  Chainsafe  Q3 2022 – Partial proof of concept delivered

Q4 2022 – Current form running on testnet

zkBridge Make zkApps accessible from Ethereum, as well as other EVM compatible chains. =nil; Foundation Q4 2022 – Full code delivery.
Q1 2023 – Deployment and launch preparations.
Enable 3rd-party, off-chain usage of Mina’s proof system Enable zero-knowledge (ZK) enthusiasts to adopt Mina’s proof system without having to use the Mina chain. o1Labs Q4 2022 – Developers can use `ZkProgram` for off-chain use cases. See this tutorial. Further documentation related to off-chain use cases will be coming.
Multi-Environment Setup Upgrade infrastructure to support more networks running in parallel for Mina. Enable community to run their own networks. o1Labs Deprioritized to focus on infrastructure and testing for the hard fork
zkOracles This has been updated to two phases (see more details below). o1Labs Phase 1: Q4 2022 – Done & available. To create an oracle, see the oracle tutorial.

Phase 2: Q2 2023

zkRollup on Mina  Increase transaction throughput on Mina using ZK Rollup – first stage is a proof of concept.   Trivo25 Q4 2022

Update on Ecosystem Roadmap Projects

zkApp Builders Program – Cohort 2

zkApps Builders Program cohort 2 finished successfully on Nov 29, 2022! This cohort created many interesting and useful projects, such as dynamic array access and JSON parsing for o1js (formerly SnarkyJS), educational programs, and more. We’ll publish final presentations to YouTube to share builders’ projects, along with a wrap up blog post. Stay tuned!


zkApps Software Development Kit (SDK)

o1js (formerly SnarkyJS) v0.7.3 brings an even further refined user experience. 

The o1Labs team introduced “Struct” to replace “CircuitValue” for defining custom data types, providing an even more intuitive syntax. You can now define custom error messages for your assertions by passing a string to any of the various assert methods. Token-related interactions can now be authorized using ZK proofs, in addition to the existing signature-based authorization. A new “init()” method on the SmartContract class provides a method that is invoked only on the first deployment of a zkApp, allowing you to initialize the zkApp account’s state easily.


zkApps Testing

The Berkeley Testnet has been running smoothly since late September and was recently upgraded with a number of key changes in mid November. Another redeploy is actively being planned in the coming weeks. Additionally, zkIgnite, cohort 0 has attracted lots of interest for developers who are eager to build zkApps. We look forward to the increased testing and activity that will occur as a result of that initiative. 


Custom Token Support

Custom tokens are available now and supported by the current o1js (formerly SnarkyJS) version and Berkeley Testnet! See the custom tokens tutorial to get started.


On-Chain Voting

Granola Systems is working closely with the Mina Foundation team to finalize a dashboard and the process that will allow Mina account holders to vote and view their votes, including final results, for upcoming Mina Improvement Proposals (MIPs). User testing is underway with plans to roll out the first release of the dashboard in early January.


Tools for improving security, correctness and node performance  (Viable Systems)

Over the past few months, the Viable Systems team has been working on multiple tools that will improve the Mina ecosystem, with their primary focus being security, correctness, and performance. These include a fuzzer for the Mina node that will increase its security and a debugger for the P2P protocol used by the Mina node (currently LibP2P Go) that allows for further improvement to the performance of this library. Additionally, through the use of  internal and external tracing support tools, they’ve been able to identify which processes were slow and optimize them, thus increasing the Mina node’s throughput and decreasing transaction latency



Mina’s zkBridge to Ethereum is in the final stages:

  1. Vanilla In-EVM verification has been finalized with proof generation, and its in-EVM verification along with auxiliary scripts. Ongoing proof verification cost optimization work continues.
  2. Wrapping in-EVM Mina’s state management logic was introduced, it’s still a work in progress, but some results regarding this part will be available to show at the end of the year.
  3. =nil; Foundation is organizing a bridge production deployment along with a competitive proof generation event. Such a deployment and a production launch event will take place during Q1 ‘23, but it is a post-project work.

Enable 3rd-party, off-chain usage of Mina’s proof system

Developers can use `ZkProgram` from o1js (formerly SnarkyJS) to prove and verify ZK proofs for off-chain use cases. See this tutorial using ZkProgram. Further documentation for off-chain use cases will be coming.



Work continues on the MPC protocol and primitives for phase 2 of zkOracles. We’ve hit a snag related to the complexity of the circuits on the proving side of the protocol but have not had bandwidth to mitigate this risk given the intense focus on zkApps and Berkeley. As a result, the estimated completion of phase 2 zkOracles has been moved out to Q2 ‘23. 


zkRollup on Mina

Work continues as some of the earlier milestones have successfully been completed, including a basic proof of concept fund transfer, a distributed proof generation module, and more. After hitting some initial blockers, which have now mostly been fixed, next steps will be to work on generating proofs for zkApp contracts, as well as other improvements.

About Mina Protocol

Mina is the world’s lightest blockchain, powered by participants. Rather than apply brute computing force, Mina uses advanced cryptography and recursive zk-SNARKs to design an entire blockchain that is about 22kb, the size of a couple of tweets. It is the first layer-1 to enable efficient implementation and easy programmability of zero knowledge smart contracts (zkApps). With its unique privacy features and ability to connect to any website, Mina is building a private gateway between the real world and crypto—and the secure, democratic future we all deserve.

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